Urinary Incontinence and Pelvic Health Physiotherapy
Curezone Physiotherapy, Mississauga is a team of providers providing treatments in various musculoskeletal and Pelvic health conditions including Urinary Incontinence.
What is Urinary Incontinence?
“Urinary Incontinence (UI) is defined by International Continence Society (ICS) as the involuntary loss of urine which is objectively demonstrable and is a social or hygienic problem.”
According to the International Continence Society (ICS), urinary incontinence (UI) is defined as any involuntary leakage of urine. It is one of the most common health problems among women of all ages, with an increase in prevalence with aging. It is estimated that 25% to 45% of women, of different ages and throughout the world, suffer from involuntary urine leakage, while 9% to 39% of women over 60 years of age report daily urinary leakage.
Curezone Physiotherapy Mississauga provides treatments for the Urinary incontinence. Our registered physiotherapist is specialized and has been practicing over 6 years in pelvic health conditions.
Common types of Urinary Incontinence
- Urge incontinence:
Involuntary loss of urine associated with a strong desire to void(ICS definition).
The amount of loss is related to the intensity of the urgency and the amount of urine in the bladder.
There are 2 main causes of this type or UI.
-Sensory urgency: t is due to hypersensitivity of the receptors in the bladder wall, and sometimes the urethra, caused by some pathology like infections, carcinoma, stones. Thus, as the bladder fills, early and unwanted detrusor contractions are produced either spontaneously or in response to activity.
-Motor urgency: Involuntary detrusor contractions occur during the filling phase; these may be developed spontaneously or be provoked by such activities like walking or coughing. Present in case of neurological disorder like multiple sclerosis. There may not be any neurological cause which is known as “unstable or irritable bladder.”
- Genuine stress incontinence (GSI):
It is a involuntary loss of urine, occurring in the absence of a detrusor contraction, when the intravesical pressure exceeds the maximal urethral pressure (ICS definition). This results in a small volume loss, frequently a spot, and occurs at the same time as the increase in IAP.
- Overflow Incontinence:
It is a involuntary loss of urine associated with over distention of the bladder (ICS definition). It may or may not be associated with detrusor contraction. Due to lack of contraction chronic urinary retention develops and pressure rises in the bladder which overcomes the urethral closure pressure. So urine dribble outs through urethra.
It is a loss of urine due to detrusor hyper- reflexia and/or involuntary urethral relaxation. It may occur in the absence of the any perceived sensory desire to void and due to neurological impairment. It is seen in paraplegics, and the bladder empties incompletely and without proper concious control
- Nocturnal enuresis:
Involuntary loss of urine during sleep. The vast majority of children who suffer from nocturnal enuresis are dry by puberty. If they continue with the problem after this, most have unstable bladder.
Physiotherapy for urinary Incontinence at Curezone Physiotherapy Clinic Mississauga
The ICS recommends conservative treatment as the first line of treatment for incontinent women with a focus on increasing strength and correcting activating the pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic floor muscles training without the use of any device, as proposed by Kegels in 1948, was the first technique used for the strengthening and improvement of pelvic floor muscle recruitment. Currently, several techniques are employed in clinical practice aiming to improve pelvic floor muscle function, and among the most used are electrical stimulation, biofeedback and vaginal cones.
The physiotherapy management include:
It is used in the management of frequency, urgency without leakage and urge incontinence.
The average duration between the voids is deducted from the records and daily goals are set.
Then, while drinking adequate and regular amounts, the patient is encouraged to delay voiding by increasing periods until she voids only every 2 to 4 hours.
In this way the ability of the bladder to tolerate greater volume of urine is increased, and each success develops the women’s confidence.
Half lying position with the hips and knees slightly flexed.
Either four or two pole methods are used-
Four pole methods- two electrodes just above the lateral portion of the inguinal ligament; two electrodes high on the internal medial aspect of the thigh near the origin of the adductors.
Two electrodes medial to the ischial tuberosities; other two electrodes lateral to the symphysis pubis.
Low frequency muscle stimulation:
Electrical stimulation is usually given to that patient who has a difficulty in producing a voluntary contraction of the pelvic floor muscles. superficial or internal electrodes are generally used. But superficial electrodes may become very difficult for a patient to adjust to the best position.
So, the vaginal or anal electrodes produces recognizable levator ani muscle contractions.
Therefore, Pelvic floor exercises in conjunction with multidimensional exercises, bladder training and non-invasive transcutaneous electrical posterior tibial nerve stimulation seem to be effective techniques in the reduction of urinary symptoms among older women.